An infinitive is the simple present form of a verb used as either a noun, adjective, or adverb. The verb of the infinitive is normally precedent by the word to. When the infinitive follows some verbs as the direct object. The two may be dropped.

An infinitive phrase is the infinitive plus any complements and any modifiers of the infinitive and complements.

As a noun :

–       He helped to write the program.

–       Lidya was looking for a way to earn money.

As an adverb :

–    He shouted to get our attention.

To dropped : He helped write the program.

The infinitive phrase includes the infinitive  and the object of the infinitive or any modifies related to the infinitive.

Example :

1)        Even in New York, fans did not manage to buy the hype.

2)        The seemingly simple decision to appoint a Democrat caused controversy.

3)        The gap provides a way to give Democratic candidate an edge in close elections.

4)        The respondents believe their neighbors are willing to vote for a woman.

5)        Two nonprofit organizations from opposite sides of the political spectrum plan to release a report blasting 25 Army Corps of Engineers water projects.

6)        The corps has been trying to recast itself infinitive a more ecosensitive light.

7)        Now congress has to decide whether it wants to continue to be part of the problem, or if it wants to be part of the solution.

8)        Lisa seems to have miss understood the point you were making.

9)        The new employees ae furious to receive the news about their delayed salary.

10)    The enviromental group hopes to restore the forest to its original condition by the end of decade.


  1. As Noun

Infinitive as noun phrase can function as subject or object.

  1. Infinitive phrase as subject

–       To change our habits is not easy.

The sentence above could also use a pattern It + be :

–       It is not easy to change our habits.

Infinitive phrase as the subject is often used in two variations of the pattern of sentence in the example above. The word “it” is used as a dummy subject that serves as the subject of aids infinitive the formation of sentence. The subject is actually located after the verbs. It aims to enhance the style or sense of language infinitive a sentence.

Other examples include:

–       To answer this question must be careful.

–       To watch the film every night wastes the money.

–       To do that is difficult for me.

–       To build such a bridge needs much cement.

–       To serve you is a pleasure job.

–       To see her is to love her

  1. Infinitive phrase as objects

–       He likes to play badminton.

Not all verbs can be followed by the infinitive. To be the objects of a verb, infinitive phrase can only be preceded by a particular verb.

Other examples include :

–       I want to see you again as soon as possible.

–       He seems to enjoy a breakfast.

–       I am starting to learn English.

–       I asked to see the book.

–       They asked me to bring some food.


  1. As Adjective

infinitive phrase as adjective give information on the nature of the preceding noun.

Example :

–       The year to come again will  I be successful.

–       I have no time to come to the meeting.

–       There is no one to help her.

–       His decision to continue studying infinitive Yogyakarta is a good idea.

–       There is a special time to give something and to ask something.

  1. As Adverb

Infinitive phrase function as adverbs :

  1. Explain the whole sentence
  2. Explain verbs
  3. Adjectives describe
  1. Explain the whole sentence

–       To say language well, you can speak language slowly.

–       To come to the school on time, you may be ready now.

–       To approach her, had you better prepare yourself well.

  1. Explain verbs

–       I come to win.

–       We eat to live to eat animals.

  1. Adjective describe

–       I am happy to meet you.

–       We are fortunate to get much money.

–       I am proud to win this game.

Note : in the following examples, the infinitive is red and the infinitive phrase is underlined.